Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1824 – Congress acts to decide a presidential election for the first time in history, giving the presidency to John Quincy Adams (More info)

1913 – The Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line, reducing the time needed to build a car from 12 hours to just under three (More info)

1955 – In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city’s racial segregation laws (More info)

1959 – Twelve nations, including the United States and the Soviet Union, sign the Antarctica Treaty, which bans military activity and weapons testing on that continent (More info)

1969 – The Vietnam War draft lottery is held, the first such lottery in the United States since World War II (More info)