565 – St. Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland (More info)

1848 – The United States annexes New Mexico (More info)

1864 – The International Red Cross, which calls for nonpartisan care to the sick and wounded in times of war and provides for the neutrality of medical personnel, is founded (More info)

1902 – Cadillac Motor Company is founded (More info)

1950 – Althea Gibson becomes first African-American competitor in international tennis (More info)